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The Plugstreet Archaeological Project

The 36th Infantry Battalion.




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The 36th Battalion, 9th Brigade, 3rd Australian Division, was raised at Broadmeadow Camp, in Newcastle, New South Wales in February 1916 following a a recruiting drive amongst the rifle clubs of New South Wales by the Minister for Public Information in the New South Wales government, Ambrose Carmichael. Leading to the battalion being known as “Carmichael’s Thousand”. Carmichael himself enlisted in the 36th, serving as a captain.

The 36th Btn departed for England from Sydney on the 13th of May 1916 on board the Beltana. A further 7 reinforcements would follow, the last leaving Sydney on the 2nd of August 1917. Arriving in England in early July, the 35th battalion spent the next four months training and crossed to France to take up positions on the Western Front in late November 1917.

Their first major action was the Battle of Messines, launched on the 7th of June 1917, when the battalion attacked over ground near Ploegsteert Wood, close to the Ultimo and Factory Farm mines. The faced a 3 mile march from their camp which lead them through the wood under shelling from the enemy and a gas attack which slowed progress and claimed casualties. The battalion reached their jumping off points just in time for the start of the battle, signaled by the explosion of nineteen huge mines laid beneath a nine mile stretch of the enemy front line. The delay in the wood meant that many of the men went straight over the top, without pausing for the refreshments which had been planned.

The 36th Battalion went onto the Battle of Passchendaele. In 1918 they saw action in the Spring Offensive when the enemy pushed through the lines.

The 36th Battalion disbanded on the 30th April 1918, with the men reinforcing the other battalions of the 9th Brigade as heavy casualties had been suffered. With their new battalions they went on to take part in the counter offensive and saw action at the Battle of Amiens and the Battle of St Quentin Canal.



Those who served with The 36th Btn

at the Battle of Messines.

  • Aird  
  • Lachlan McDonald Pte.
  • Antcliff
  • James Hartley Pte. d.7th Jun 1917
  • Antcliffe  
  • James Pte. d.7th Jun 1917
  • Bennett
  • Thomas Newbon Pte. d.7th Jun 1917
  • Bentley
  • J. B. Pte. d.10th Jun 1917
  • Bruce  
  • Thomas Fraser 2ndLt. d.12th Oct 1917
  • Burns
  • Alfred Alexander Pte. d.7th Jun 1917
  • Coste  
  • Augustus George "Hock" Pte. d.12th Jun 1917
  • Dark  
  • Hubert Finlay
  • Doyle
  • Richard Henry Lieutenant d.10th June 1917
  • Dunlop
  • David Strachan L/Cpl.
  • Everett
  • Henry Alexander Pte.
  • Fleming
  • Walter Pte. d.7th Jun 1917
  • Fuller
  • E. C. B. Pte. d.7th Jun 1917
  • Hanks
  • John Thomas Pte. d.7th Jun 1917
  • Haynes  
  • Alfred John Pte.
  • Hennessy
  • John Albert Pte. d.7th Jun 1917
  • Johnson
  • Frederick William Pte. d.7th Jun 1917
  • Jones
  • Arthur Pte. d.10th Jun 1917
  • Kelly
  • Robert William L/Cpl. d.10th Jun 1917
  • Key  MM.
  • Ernest Shadrack
  • Macaulay
  • James Pte. d.9th Jun 1917
  • McAuliffe
  • Hugh Paul Pte. d.9th Jun 1917
  • McKinery
  • William Edward Pte. d.7th Jun 1917
  • McNamara
  • Martin Pte. d.10th Jun 1917
  • Moore
  • William Richard Pte. d.7th Jun 1917
  • Morris
  • Walter John Pte. d.10th Jun 1917
  • Norman
  • Beresford Grey Sgt. d.9th Jun 1917
  • Osland
  • William Wesley "Parney" Pte. d.7th Jun 1917
  • Parkinson  
  • Albert Henry Pte. d.7th June 1917
  • Piggott
  • Francis John Capt. d.10th Jun 1917
  • Piggott  
  • John Capt.
  • Ross
  • Alexander Pte. d.7th Jun 1917
  • Ross  
  • Peter Pte.
  • Schipper
  • H. Pte. d.9th Jun 1917
  • Sieman
  • Percy Henry Pte. d.10th Jun 1917
  • Stead
  • William John Sgt. d.7th Jun 1917
  • Wahlstrom
  • Albert Edward Pte.
  • Wilson
  • J. Sgt. d.8th Jun 1917
  • Wright
  • C. Pte. d.10th Jun 1917
  • Wright
  • Frederick Pte. d.10th Jun 1917
  • Wright  
  • Johnathon Raymond Pte.




    Digging Up Plugstreet

    Richard Osgood and Martin Brown


    The compelling story of the Australian soldiers of the 3rd Infantry Division who journeyed to England in 1914, and who fought and died on the Western Front during the First World War. Using archaeology as the vehicle for their story, Martin Brown and Richard Osgood follow in the footsteps of the 'Aussies', from their training on windswept Salisbury Plain to the cheerless trenches of Belgium, where they 'dug-in' north-east of Ploegsteert to face the Germans. It presents a unique window into the world of the men who marched away to fight the so-called 'war to end wars
    More information on:

    Digging Up Plugstreet




    Pillars of Fire: The Battle of Messines Ridge, June 1917

    Ian Passingham


    Gentlemen, we may not make history tomorrow, but we shall certainly change the geography.' So said General Plumer the day before 600 tons of explosives were detonated under the German positions on Messines Ridge. The explosion was heard by Lloyd George in Downing Street, and as far away as Dublin. Until 1918, Messines was the only clear cut Allied victory on the Western Front, coming at a time when Britain and her allies needed it most: boosting Allied morale and shattering that of the Germans. Precisely orchestrated, Messines was the first true all-arms modern battle which brought together artillery, engineers, infantry, tanks, aircraft and administrative units from a commonwealth of nations to defeat the common enemy. So why is its name not as familiar as the Somme, Passchendaele or Verdun? General Sir Herbert Plumer, perhaps the most meticulous, resourceful and respected British general of WW1, is also unfamiliar to many. This book examines the battle for the Messines-Wytschaete Rid


    Bullecourt 1917: Breaching the Hindenburg Line

    Paul Kendall


    The assault upon the formidable Hindenburg Line at Bullecourt in April and May 1917 by three British Divisions - the 7th, 58th and 62nd - and three Australian Divisions was initially designed to assist Allenby's Third Army break out from Arras. This book tells the full story of a battle that can be seen as an archetype of the horrors of trench warfare. The controversial first Bullecourt battle of 11th April came to be regarded as the worst Australian defeat of the War, when Australian infantry assaulted without artillery and tank support. They were badly let down by the British tanks - but the British tank crews were let down in their turn by their own commanders, who put them in the forefront of the attack in Mark II training tanks, prone to malfunction and not armour-plated. Significant numbers fought their way into the German lines at Bullecourt against all odds, including legendary ANZAC soldiers Major Percy Black, Captain Albert Jacka and Captain Harry Murray. The Australians achi




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